Clarifying Misconceptions

'Ali al-Timimi
Now we come to the verse that all these people who speak about the Abrahamic faiths try to use always. Where Allah subhaanahu wa ta`aalaa says in the Qur’aan that,

"The believers and the Jews and the Christians and the Sabians, those of them who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and do righteous deeds, there will be no fear for them nor will they grieve" [2:62, 5:69].

They try to use thise verse, but let us consider this verse because we believe in the whole Qur'aan. What does Allah subhaanahu wa ta`aalaa say? Allah says those who believe, meaning those of this ummah, who believe, who have eemaan. And then Allah subhaanahu wa ta`aalaa says those of the Yahood, "alladheena haadooo" (the Jews, we might translate, even though it doesn’t mean the same thing), and Allah says Nasaara (which we might translate as the Christians even though it means more closerly people from Nazaraeth, the Nazarens, but it is used also in the Qur'aan to mean the Christians in general, so we can use the term Christians and the Sabians, and these are the people who had no Scripture or who were before the law of Moses like the followers of the Prophet Ismaa’eel, Ishaaq... Allah says those of them who believe in Allah and in the Last Day. We have seen now that they do not believe in Allah and the Last Day.

And they do righteous deeds. And they do not do righteous deeds, because a righteous deed is a deed that has what conditions to it? What makes a deed righteous? Ikhlaas and [that the deed be] according to the Sunnah. They dont have ikhlaas because they have shirk and their deeds are not according to the Sunnah because they have made a religion of their own making. It is not even following the sunnah of their Prophets. When they go and celebrate Christmass, is this the relIgion of `Eesaa ibn Maryam, and when they go to a church and they make a cross on themselves, is this the religion of `Eesaa ibn Maryam? When they face the East, is this the religion of `Eesaa ibn Maryam, or the religion of Moses? Nothing from the religions of those Prophets. So therefore they don’t even follow the sunnah of their Prophets.

So this therefore is not applicable upon the Christians and the Jews that we see today. And one might ask then what did Allah mean by this verse? The verse is truth. Allah is meaning by this verse those Jews who lived in the time of Moses and those Christians who lived in the time of `Eesaa ibn Maryam and those Sabians who lived in the time before the revelation of the law of Moses, from the followers of the Prophets Abraham, Ismaa`eel, Ishaaq, and Yoosuf...whoever amongst them believed in Allah, in other words, was not a hypocrite, and believed in the Last Day and did good deeds, he will have nothing to fear in the Hereafter nor will he grieve when he leaves this world and goes to the next world. And we know this by gathering all the verses from the Qur'aan and all the hadeeths of the Prophet sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam. This is the way of the believers, we believe in the whole book, we are not like the Jews and the Christians who believe in a part of the Book and disbelieve in a part of the book, but rather we believe in all of the Revelation.

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